Blacknest Recent Publications

Publications before 2001 are listed here.

A number of O Reports are available for viewing/download here.



Khodr, C., Green, D. N., Azarpeyvand, M. Three-dimensional Topographic Effects on Infrasound Propagation Across Ascension Island. Geophys. J. Int, 231(3), 1558-1572. [doi]

Wills, G., Nippress, A., Green, D. N., Spence, P. Site-specific Variations in Air-to-Ground Coupled Seismic Arrivals from the 2012 October 16 Explosion at Camp Minden, Louisiana, United States. Geophys. J. Int., 231(1), 243-255. [doi]

Matoza et al. Atmospheric Waves and Global Seismoacoustic Observations of the January 2022 Hunga eruption, Tonga. Science, 377(6601), 95-100. [doi]


Green, D. N., Nippress, A., Bowers, D., Selby, N. D. Identifying Suitable Time Periods for Infrasound Measurement System Response Estimation Using Across-Array Coherence. Geophys. J. Int., 226(2), 1159-1173. [doi]

Green, D., Heyburn, R., Keeble, J., Nippress, A., Nippress, S., Peacock, S., & Young, J. Sixty years of forensic seismology at AWE Blacknest. Astronomy & Geophysics, 62(4), 4-36.


Heyburn, R., D. Bowers and D.N. Green. Seismic and hydroacoustic observations from recent underwater events in the South Atlantic Ocean. Geophys. J. Int., 223(1), 289-300. [doi]

Green, D.N., R. Luckett, B. Baptie and D. Bowers. A UK local seismic magnitude scale, MLP, using P-wave amplitudes. Geophys. J. Int., 223(3), 2054-2065. [doi]

Khodr, C., M. Azarpeyvand and D.N. Green. An iterative three-dimensional parabolic equation solver for propagation above irregular boundaries. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 148(2), 1089-1100. [doi]

Le Bras, R., N. Arora, N. Kushida, P. Mialle, I. Bondár, E. Tomuta, F.K. Alamneh, P. Feitio, M. Villarroel, B. Vera, S.E.J. Nippress, D. Bowers and A. Sudakov, A., 2020. NET-VISA from cradle to adulthood. A machine-learning tool for seismo-acoustic automatic association. Pure Appl. Geophys., 1-22. [doi]


Peacock, S., 2019. Geophysics and global security challenges. Astro. & Geophys., 60(1), 1-34. [doi]

Matoza, R., D. Fee, D.N. Green and P. Mialle. Volcano infrasound and the international monitoring system. In Infrasound monitoring for atmospheric studies. Springer , 1023-1077. [doi]

Green, D.N. A. and Nippress. Infrasound signal duration: the effects of propagation distance and waveguide structure. Geophys. J. Int., 216(3), 1974-1988. [doi]


Heyburn, R., S.E.J. Nippress and D. Bowers. Seismic and Hydroacoustic Observations from Underwater Explosions off the East Coast of Florida. Bull. seism. Soc. Am., 108(6), 3612-3624. [doi]

Swanson, E., R. Theunissen, A. Rust, D.N. Green and J. Phillips. An experimental study of the flow structure and acoustics of jets: Implications for volcano infrasound. J. Volc. Geo. Res., 363, 10-22. [doi]

Green, D.N., R. Waxler, J.M. Lalande, D. Velea, and C. Talmadge. Regional infrasound generated by the Humming Roadrunner ground truth experiment. Geophys. J. Int., 214(3), 1847-1864. [doi]

Green, D.N. and A. Nippress. What does infrasound signal duration tell us about signal propagation distance and waveguide structure? J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 143(3), 1782. [doi]

Matoza, R.S., D. Fee, D.N. Green, A. Le Pichon, J. Vergoz, M.M Haney, T.D Mikesell, L. Franco, O.A Valderrama, M.R. Kelley and K. McKee. Local, regional, and remote seismo‐acoustic observations of the April 2015 VEI 4 eruption of Calbuco volcano, Chile. J. geophys. Res., 123(5), 3814-3827. [doi]


Green, D.N., I. Bastow, B. Dashwood, and S.E.J. Nippress. Characterizing broadband seismic noise in central London. Seism. Res. Lett., 88, 113-124. [doi]

Matoza, R. S., D. N. Green, A. Le Pichon, P. M. Shearer, D. Fee, P. Mialle, and L. Ceranna. Automated detection and cataloging of global explosive volcanism using the International Monitoring System infrasound network. J. geophys. Res., 122 [doi]

Nippress, A., and D.N. Green. Sensitivity of the International Monitoring System infrasound network to elevated sources: a western Eurasia case study. Geophys. J. Int., 211, 920-935. [doi]

Nippress, S.E.J., R. Heyburn, and R.J. Walters. The 2008 and 2012 Moosiyan earthquake sequences: rare insights into the role of strike slip and thrust faulting within the Simply Folded Belt (Iran). Bull. seism. Soc. Am., 107, 1625-1641. [doi]

Peacock, S., A. Douglas, and D. Bowers. Joint maximimum-likelihood magnitudes of presumed underground nuclear test explosions. Geophys. J. Int., 210, 621-644. [doi]


Craig, T. J., and R. Heyburn. An enigmatic earthquake in the continental mantle lithosphere of stable North America. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 425, 12-23. [doi]

Di Leo, J.F., J. Wookey, J.-M. Kendall, and N.D. Selby. Probing the edge of the west African craton: a first seismic glimpse from Niger. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 1694-1700. [doi]

Green, D.N. The spatial coherence structure of infrasonic waves: analysis of data from International Monitoring System arrays. Geophys. J. Int., 201, 377-389. [doi]

Rost, S., P.S. Earle, P.M. Shearer, D.A. Frost, and N.D. Selby. Seismic detections of small-scale heterogeneities in the deep earth. The Earth's Heterogeneous Mantle, Springer Geophysics, 367-390. [doi]


Anderson, D.N., H.J. Patton, S.R. Taylor, J.L. Bonner and N.D. Selby. Sources of error and the statistical formulation of Ms : mb seismic event screening for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban treaty (CTBT). Pure Appl. Geoph., 181, Recent Advances in Nuclear Explosion Monitoring, Volume II, 537-547. [doi]

Bie, L., I. Ryder, S.E.J. Nippress, and R. Bürgmann. Coseismic and post-seismic activity associated with the 2008 Mw 6.3 Damxung earthquake, Tibet, constrained by InSAR. Geophys. J. Int., 196, 788-803. [doi]

Dabrowa, A.L., D.N. Green, J.B. Johnson, J.C. Phillips, and A.C. Rust. Comparing near-regional and local measurements of infrasound from Mount Erubus, Antarctica: Implications for monitoring. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 288, 46-61. [doi]

Marcillo, O., S. Arrowsmith, R. Whitaker, D. Anderson, A. Nippress, D.N. Green, D. Drob. Using physics-based priors in a Bayesian algorithm to enhance infrasound source location. Geophys. J. Int., 196, 375-385. [doi]

Nippress, A., D.N. Green, O.E. Marcillo, and S.J. Arrowsmith. Generating regional infrasound celerity-range models using ground-truth information and the implications for event location. Geophys. J. Int., 197, 1154-1165. [doi]

Nunn, C., S.W. Roecker, F.J. Tilmann, K.F. Priestley, R. Heyburn, E.A. Sandvol, J.F. Ni, Y.J. Chen, W. Zhao, and the INDEPTH Team IV. Imaging the lithosphere beneath NE Tibet: teleseismic P and S body wave tomography incorporating surface wave starting models. Geophys. J. Int., 196, 1724-1741. [doi]


Evers, L.G., D.N. Green, N.W. Young, and M. Snellen. Remote hydro-acoustic sensing of large icebergs in the southern Indian Ocean: Implications for iceberg monitoring. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4694-4699. [doi]

Frost, D.A., S. Rost, N.D. Selby, and G.W. Stuart. Detection of a tall ridge at the core-mantle boundary from scattered PKP energy. Geophys. J. Int., 195, 558-574. [doi]

Green, D.N., L.G. Evers, D. Fee, R.S. Matoza, M. Snellen, P. Smets and D. Simons. Hydroacoustic, infrasonic and seismic monitoring of the submarine eruptive activity and sub-aerial plume generation at South Sarigan, May 2010. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 257, 31-43. [doi]

Heyburn, R., N.D. Selby, and B.D. Fox. Estimating earthquake source depths by combining surface wave amplitude spectra and teleseismic depth phase observations. Geophys. J. Int., 194, 1000-1010. [doi]

Selby, N.D. A multiple-filter F detector method for signal detection at medium-aperture arrays. Geophys. J. Int., 192, 1189-1195. [doi]


Edwards, W.N., and D.N. Green. Effect of inter-array elevation differences on infrasound beamforming. Geophys. J. Int., 190, 335-346.

Fox, B.D., N.D. Selby, R. Heyburn, and J.H. Woodhouse. Shallow seismic source parameter determination using intermediate-period surface wave amplitude spectra. Geophys. J. Int., 191, 601-615.

Green, D.N., R.S. Matoza, J. Vergoz, and A. Le Pichon. Infrasonic propagation from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption: Investigating the influence of stratospheric solar tides. J. Geophys. Res. (Atmospheres), 117, D21202.

Selby, N.D., P.D. Marshall and D. Bowers. mb:Ms event screening revisited. Bull. seism. Soc. Am., 102, 88-97.


Dabrowa, A.L., D.N. Green, A.C. Rust, and J.C. Phillips. A global study of volcanic infrasound characteristics and the potential for long-range monitoring. Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 310, 369-379.

Green, D.N., J. Vergoz, R. Gibson, A. Le Pichon, and L. Ceranna. Infrasound radiated by the Gerdec and Chelopechene explosions: propagation along unexpected paths. Geophys. J. Int., 185, 890-910.

Matoza, R.S., J. Vergoz, A. Le Pichon, L. Ceranna, D. N. Green, L. G. Evers, M. Ripepe, P. Campus, L. Liszka, T. Kvaerna, E. Kjartansson, and Á. Höskuldsson. Long-range acoustic observations of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, Iceland, April-May 2010. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L06308.

Selby, N.D. Improved Teleseismic Signal Detection at Small-Aperture Arrays. Bull. seism. Soc. Am., 101, 1563-1575.


Anderson, D.N., G.E. Randall, R.W. Whitaker, S.J. Arrowsmith, M.D. Arrowsmith, D.K. Fagan, S.R. Taylor, N.D. Selby, F.R. Schult, G.D. Kraft, and W.R. Walter. Seismic Event Identification. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics, 2, 414-432.

Green, D.N., A. Le Pichon, L. Ceranna, and L. Evers. Ground Truth Events: Assessing the Capability of Infrasound Networks Using High Resolution Data Analyses, in: Infrasound Monitoring for Atmospheric Studies, Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-9507-8, p.599-625.

Green, D.N., and D. Bowers. Estimating the detection capability of the International Monitoring System infrasound network. J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 115, D18116.

Heyburn, R., and B. Fox. Multi-objective analysis of body and surface waves from the Market Rasen (UK) earthquake. Geophys. J. Int., 181, 532-544.

Selby, N.D. Relative locations of the October 2006 and May 2009 DPRK announced nulcear tests using International Monitoring System seismometer arrays. Bull. seism. Soc. Am., 100, 1779-1784.


Bowers, D., and N.D. Selby. Forensic Seismology and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 37, 209-36.

Ceranna, L., A. Le Pichon, D.N Green, & P. Mialle. The Buncefield explosion: A benchmark for infrasound analysis across Central Europe. Geophys. J. Int., 177, 491-508.

Green, D.N., J. Guilbert, A. Le Pichon, O. Sebe and D. Bowers. Modelling ground-to-air coupling for the shallow ML4.3 Folkestone, United Kingdom, earthquake of 28 April 2007. Bull. seism. Soc. Am., 99, 2541-2551.


Crampin, S., Gao, Y. & S. Peacock. Stress-forecasting not predicting earthquakes: A paradigm shift? Geology 36, 427-430.

Green, D. & D. Bowers. Seismic raves: Tremor observations from an electronic dance music festvial. Seism. Res. Lett. 79, 546-553.

Heyburn, R. & D. Bowers. Earthquake depth determination using the F trace and associated probability. Bull. seism. Soc. Am. 98, 18-35.

Moran, S.C., R.S. Matoza, M.A. Garces, M.A.H. Hedlin, D. Bowers, W.E. Scott, D.R. Sherrod, & J.W. Vallance. Seismic and acoustic record of an unusually large rockfall, Mount St. Helens, Washington. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19302.

Peacock, S. & A. Douglas. Two-stage rupture of the 1999 Mw 6.0 southern Lake Baikal earthquake. Geophys. J. Int. 172, 302-310.

Selby, N.D. Application of a generalised F detector at a seismometer array. Bull. seism. Soc. Am. 98, 2469-2481.

Stork, A.L., N.D. Selby, R. Heyburn, & M.P.Searle. Accurate relatve earthquake locations reveal structure of the Burma subduction zone. Bull. seism. Soc. Am. 98, 2815-2827.


Douglas, A. Forensic seismology revisited. Surveys in Geophysics 28, 1-31.

Douglas, A. Source bias in epicentre determination revisited. Journal of Seismology, 11, 171-176.

Douglas, A. Comment on, "Systematic determination of earthquake rupture directivity and fault planes from analysis of long-period P-wave spectra" by L.M. Warren and P. Shearer. Geophys. J. Int. 169, 502-505.

Heyburn, R. and D. Bowers. The relative amplitude method: Exploiting F statistics from array seismograms. Geophys. J. Int. 170, 813-822.


Douglas, A. Comment on: Improving Sparse Network Seismic Location with Bayesian Kriging and Teleseismically Constrained Calibration Events, by Stephen C. Myers and Craig A. Schultz. Bull. seism. Soc. Amer., 95, 367-369.

Douglas, A., & J.B Young. Does More Mean Less in Epicentre Estimation? Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 148, 251-259.

Douglas, A., A.M. O'Mongain, D. Porter, & J.B. Young. An analysis of P times reported in the Reviewed Event Bulletin for Chinese underground explosions. Geophys. J. Int., 163, 559-566.

Douglas, A., J.B. Young, D. Bowers, & M. Lewis. Variation in reading error in P times for explosions with body-wave magnitude. Phys. Earth. Planet. Inter., 152, 1-6.

Douglas, A., J.B. Young, D. Bowers, & P.D. Marshall. An analysis of P travel times for Nevada test site explosions recorded at regional distances. Bull. seism. Soc. Amer., 95, 941-950.

Heyburn, R., D. Bowers, N. Selby, & A. Douglas. How Deep Was the Dudley (UK) Earthquake of 22 September 2002? Journal of Seismology 9, 61-71.

Selby, N.D., D. Bowers, A. Douglas, R. Heyburn, & D. Porter. Seismic Discrimination in the Southern Xinjiang: The 13 March 2003 Lop Nor Earthquake. Bull. seism. Soc. Amer. 95, 197-211.

Selby, N.D., E. Eshun, H.J. Patton, & A. Douglas. Unusual long-period Rayleigh wave radiation from a vertical-dip-slip source: The 7 May 2001 North Sea earthquake. J. Geophys. Res., 110, B10304.

Young, J.B., Douglas, A. & P.D. Marshall. Variations with time in the detection thresholds of P for seismological stations reporting to the ISC. Journal of Seismology 9, 405-412.


Selby, N.D., J.B. Young, & A. Douglas, 2004. Comment on ``Unexplained sets of seismographic station reports and a set consistent with a quark nugget passage'' by David P. Anderson, Eugene T. Herrin, Vigdor L. Teplitz and Ileana M. Tibuleac. Bull. seism. Soc. Amer., 94, 2414-2415.


Douglas, A. Seismometer Arrays - their use in earthquake and test ban seismology. International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology, Part A, 357-367.

Selby, N.D., D. Bowers, P.D. Marshall, & A. Douglas, 2003. Empirical path and station corrections for surface-wave magnitude, Ms, using a global network. Geophys. J. Int., 155, 379-390.


Bowers, D. & W.R. Walter. Discriminating between Large Mine Collapses & Explosions using Teleseismic P Waves. Pure App. Geoph., 159, 803-830.

Bowers, D., A. Douglas, N.D. Selby, P.D. Marshall, D. Porter, & N.J. Wallis. Seismological identification of the 1998 May 28 Pakistan nuclear test. Geophys. J. Int., 150, 153-161.

Bowers, D. Was the 16 August 1997 Seismic Disturbance near Novaya Zemlya an Earthquake? Bull. seism. Soc. Amer., 92, 2400-2409.

Douglas, A., N.D. Selby, & D. Bowers. Seismic magnitude & yield for the Indian nuclear test of 11 May 1998. Current Science, 83, 989-992.

Sargeant, S.L., P.W. Burton, A. Douglas, & J.R. Evans. The Source Mechanism of the Athens Earthquake, September 7 1999, Estimated from P Seismograms recorded at long range. Natural Hazards, 27, 35-45.


Bowers, D. Interpretation of P seismograms from shallow undersea earthquakes. Bull. seism. Soc. Amer,, 91, 628-631.

Bowers, D., P.D. Marshall, & A. Douglas. The level of deterrence provided by data from the SPITS seismometer array to possible violations of the Comprehensive Test Ban in the Novaya Zemlya region. Geophys. J. Int., 146, 425-438.

Douglas, A. The UK broadband seismology network. Astronomy & Geophysics, 42, 2.19-2.21.

Douglas, A, P.D. Marshall, D. Bowers, J.B. Young, D. Porter, & N.J. Wallis. The yields of the Indian nuclear tests of 1998 and their relevance to Test Ban verification. Current Science, 81, 72-74.

Douglas, A, P.D. Marshall, D. Bowers, J.B. Young, D. Porter, & N.J. Wallis. Reply to: "Yield estimation of the Indian nuclear tests of 1998", by Sikka, S.K., R. Falguni, & G.J. Nair. Current Science 81, 885-886.

Selby, N.D. Association of Rayleigh Waves using Backazimuth Measurements: Applications to Test Ban Verification. Bull. seism. Soc. Amer., 91, 580-593.